The Diseases Prevention (Metropolis) Act 1883 gave the Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB) additional powers in relation to the isolation and treatment of people suffering from infectious diseases. The act also removed the link between treatment for infectious diseases in MAB hospitals and the ‘civil disabilities’ usually incurred for those obtaining assistance under the Poor Law. This effectively removed the distinction between paupers and non-paupers in MAB institutions. Infectious disease targeted everyone whether they were paupers or not. A member of the Metropolitan Asylums Board, an eminent man, when admitted for fever had to be ‘pauperised’ on admission.