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Public health

Legislation
The Poor Law 1601 was established

The Poor Law 1601 was established

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Event

Edward Jenner demonstrated that vaccinations worked to prevent diseases

Edward Jenner, a British scientist, discovered that vaccinations could be a way of preventing disease.

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Event

The Royal Commission into the Operation of the Poor Laws reported back in 1834

launched an investigation into the administration of the poor laws in 1832. The commission reported back in March 1834, concluding that poverty was being perpetuated by the provision of relief.

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Legislation

The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 received royal assent on 14 August 1834

The system of providing support to the poor was overhauled by the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, widely dubbed the ‘new Poor Law’.  The act grouped parishes into poor law unions under 6

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Legislation

The 1836 Registration Act received royal assent

The 1836 Registration Act established the General Register Office and a new system of national registration of births, marriages and deaths to take effect from 1837.

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Event

The Poor Law Commission in its fifth annual report linked poverty in London to disease

As part of the fifth annual report of the Poor Law Commissioners, work was undertaken to review the prevalence of fever in London.

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Legislation

The 1840 Act to Extend the Practice of Vaccination was passed

The act permitted Poor Law guardians to appoint medical officers to vaccinate people at the public expense (ie a free service for the individual concerned).

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Legislation

1841 Act to Amend and Extend the Practice of Vaccination was passed

The 1841 act made free vaccination available outside of Poor Law relief.

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Event

Edwin Chadwick's Report on the sanitary conditions of the labouring population of Great Britain was published

Edwin Chadwick was commissioned by the government to undertake an investigation into sanitation and make recommendations on improving conditions.

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Legislation

The Nuisances Removal and Diseases Prevention Act 1846

The 1846 Nuisances Removal and Diseases Prevention Act was designed as temporary legislation to help to stem the spread of cholera.

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Event

The first medical officer of health was appointed

The passing of the Public Health Act (sanitary 1846) led to the establishment of the role of medical officer of health in Liverpool, and William Henry Duncan was appointed in January 1847 to ensure th

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