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Public health

Event

The declaration of Alma Ata was issued on 12 September 1978

The Alma Ata declaration was made during the international confer¬ence on primary healthcare in Alma Ata, USSR in 1978.

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Publication

Inequalities in health – report of a research working group (also known as the ‘Black report’) was published

The working group on inequalities in health, chaired by Sir Douglas Black, had been commissioned in 1977 by the Labour government to investigate the variation in health outcomes across social classes

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Event

The World Health Organization’s healthy cities initiative began to gain traction during the mid to late 1980s

The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the healthy cities project to support and facilitate integrated approaches to health promotion at a city level.

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Event
The first cases of BSE in cattle were diagnosed in the late 1980s

The first cases of BSE in cattle were diagnosed in the late 1980s

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Event

The government launched the ‘Don’t die of ignorance’ public health campaign

The first cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were detected in the United States among gay men and then in injecting drug users who had acquired a rare infection occurring in people wit

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Publication

Promoting better health was published by the Department of Health in 1987

The government’s plans for improving primary healthcare services were set out in the Promoting better health white paper.

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Event

Screening programmes for breast cancer were launched for the first time

In 1986, the Forrest report on breast cancer screening concluded that there was a convincing case to set up screening facilities for women over the age of 50 as long as there were effective resources

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Event

The NHS cervical screening programme began

Cervical screening in the UK first began in Northern Ireland in the 1960s, and by 1985 three million smear tests had been conducted.

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Event

The government published its white paper Working for patients, which introduced the policy of internal market creation within the NHS

On 1 February 1989, the government published the white paper Working for Patients, which set out the government’s plan for reform of the NHS and introduced a split between the bodies who provide

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Event

The new GP contract was introduced in 1990 and established incentives for general practitioners to become more involved in health promotion activity

A new GP contract introduced in 1990 was intended to improve services and incentivise GPs through performance-related payments.

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Legislation

The National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 received royal assent in June 1990

The National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 received royal assent on 29 June 1990. The act split the provision and commissioning (ie purchasing) of healthcare.

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Publication

The health of the Nation – a strategy for health in England white paper was published.

Following the publication of Health for all by the year 2000 by the World Health organization (WHO), published in 1978 as part of the wider ‘New Public Health Movement’, the government pub

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Event

The government acknowledged the possible link between BSE in cows and CJD in humans

Following research published in March 1996, the government acknowledged that the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) disease had spread to humans, ten years after it was first identified in cattle.

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Event

The UK National Screening Committee was founded in 1996

The UK National Screening Committee was established in July 1996 to advise the secretary of state for health on new and existing population screening technologies and programmes.

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Publication

The Labour Party manifesto pledged a new public health minister

The Labour Party manifesto in 1997 claimed that the party wanted to save the NHS and would launch a new drive to improve public health.

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