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Regulation

Event

Petitions were made to King Henry V asking that only those with appropriate qualifications should be allowed to practise medicine

In the 15th century, physicians made representations to regulate their profession.

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Organisation

The Incorporation of Surgeons and Barbers of Edinburgh (later Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh) was established

In 1505, the surgeons and barbers of Edinburgh were formally incorporated as a Craft of the Burgh and were given privileges and responsibilities around the practise of surgery.

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Legislation

The Physicians and Surgeons Act was passed in 1511

In 1511, the Physicians and Surgeons Act was passed, limiting the practice of medicine and surgery within a seven-mile radius of the city of London.

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Organisation

The College of Physicians of London (later Royal College of Physicians of London) was established

The College of Physicians of London (later Royal College of Physicians of London) was established in 1518 by a Royal Charter from King Henry VIII.

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Event
The Barber-Surgeons’ Company of London was incorporated in 1540

The Barber-Surgeons’ Company of London was incorporated in 1540

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Organisation

The Apothecaries Society of London was founded in 1617

Until the 19th century, physicians could only qualify at the universities of Oxford or Cambridge and by the will of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

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Organisation

The Company of Surgeons was granted a Royal Charter as the Royal College of Surgeons in London in 1800

The Company of Surgeons was granted a Royal Charter as the Royal College of Surgeons in London in 1800. The surgeons and the barbers had formed separate bodies in 1745 at the request of the surgeons.

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Legislation

The Apothecaries Act 1815 received royal assent

By the early 19th century, the medical professionals could be broadly divided into three branches: the physicians, the surgeons and the apothecaries (the latter becoming general practitioners).

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Legislation

The Medical Act 1858 received royal assent in August 1858

After a lengthy campaign to abolish quackery, the Medical Act 1858 established the General Council of Medical Education and Registration of the United Kingdom (later the General Medical Council) and s

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Event

The first nursing school was established in 1860

Major hospitals had long valued effective nursing, and religious organisations such as St John’s House had trained and provided nurses to many hospitals.

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Legislation

The Metropolitan Poor Act received royal assent in 1867

Following the Lancet Commission’s publication in 1865 which suggested that the workhouse system was a ‘disgrace to our civilisation’ and a series of scandals in workhouses and infirm

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Event

In 1870, the London Obstetrical Society found that high infant mortality among poor women could be attributed to the lack of training for midwives

In 1869, the Registrar General’s office asked the London Obstetrical Society to consider the reasons for infant mortality.

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Event

The Prince of Wales Hospital Fund for London (later the King’s Fund) was established in 1897

The King’s Fund was established in 1897 as the Prince of Wales Hospital Fund for London to celebrate Queen Victoria’s diamond jubilee.

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Legislation

The Midwives Act received royal assent in 1902

The 1902 Midwives Act provided for the registration of midwives with the intention of securing better training of midwives and the regulation of their practice.

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Legislation

The Nurses Registration Act received royal assent in 1919

The Nurses Registration Act of 1919 set up the General Nursing Council, which was established in 1920. The council was required to maintain a register of nurses.

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Legislation

The Local Government Act 1929 received royal assent, reforming the administration of the Poor Law

The main purpose of the Local Government Act 1929 was to consolidate local government structures.

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Event

The Emergency Hospital Service (later Emergency Medical Service) was established in 1939

The Emergency Hospital Service was established at the outbreak of the Second World War.

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Publication

The Goodenough Committee was published in 1944

Established nationally by government, the report of the Inter-Departmental Committee on Medical Schools, chaired by Sir William Goodenough, published its recommendations in 1944.

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