Displaying 28 - 36 of 167

December 1911

National Insurance Act 1911

Following a lengthy national debate, the Act created a national system of insurance to protect working people against loss of income relating to sickness or unemployment.

January 1918–December 1920

'Spanish flu' pandemic

The 1918 influenza pandemic was caused by direct transmission of avian influenza to humans. It killed an estimated 50 million people worldwide in the aftermath of the First World War.

3 June 1919

Ministry of Health Act 1919

This Act established the Ministry of Health, which became responsible for 'the preparation, effective carrying out and co-ordination of measures conducive to the health of the people'.

27 May 1920

Lord Dawson's Interim report on the future provision of medical and allied services 1920

The report outlined the structure that the NHS would take nearly 30 years later and illustrated that the system would need to change to cope with technological and medical advances.

May 1921

Public Health (Tuberculosis) Act 1921

Legislation obliged county and county borough councils to provide sanatoria, care and after-care services for tuberculosis patients.

1 September 1921

Dangerous Drugs Act 1920: criminalising opium and cocaine possession

The new Act set the agenda for further drug legislation and control policy.

27 March 1929

Local Government Act 1929

This Act consolidated local government structures and reformed Poor Law administration, with local authorities becoming responsible for Poor Law hospitals.

July 1930

Formal birth control services for married women

A Ministry of Health circular permitted local health authorities to provide birth control advice under circumstances where pregnancy would be detrimental to health.

1 October 1934

Milk in schools scheme

After the first Milk in Schools Scheme (MISS) was introduced in major cities during the late 1920s, 1934 saw an extension across England and Wales.