31 July 1936
A consolidating Act replaced all previous legislative public health provisions relating to public health matters, disease control, prevention and nuisance removals and inspections.
At the outbreak of war, central government gained direction over voluntary and municipal hospitals by establishing a service which paved the way for the National Health Service.
2 December 1942
The Inter-Departmental Committee led by Sir William Beveridge, considered a founding father of the NHS, published recommendations on social insurance and allied services.
The wartime coalition government set out its vision for a comprehensive, free and unified health service.
The Education Act 1944 made providing school meals and milk a statutory duty for local authorities.
6 November 1946
Following on from the 1944 white paper, the Act provided for the establishment of a free, universal and comprehensive health service for England and Wales.
5 July 1948
The NHS took control of 480,000 hospital beds in England and Wales, that had belonged to local authorities, or were independent voluntary hospitals.
31 March 1950
The Ministry of Health published a report examining health and mortality outcomes during the first months of the NHS.
30 September 1950
The work of Richard Doll and Tony Bradford Hill was instrumental in determining that most lung cancers were caused by cigarette smoking.
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