The Royal Free Hospital
The Royal Free Hospital was founded in 1828 by William Marsden, a surgeon.
Allegedly, he had discovered a young girl dying on the streets because she could not afford medical attention and did not have a letter of recommendation which would allow admittance. The experience prompted him to open a hospital based on need, which would be free to all.
The hospital was originally called the London General Institution for the Gratuitous Cure of Malignant Diseases and opened as a dispensary without inpatient beds. Its name changed to the London Free Hospital and then later the Royal Free in 1837 when Queen Victoria became a patron.
The National Archives.
Royal Free Hospital: The archives of the Royal Free Hospital, London.
The National Archives; nd.