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Displaying 37 - 45 of 181

31 July 1936

Public Health Act 1936

A consolidating Act replaced all previous legislative public health provisions relating to public health matters, disease control, prevention and nuisance removals and inspections.

September 1939

Creation of the Emergency Medical Service

At the outbreak of war, central government gained direction over voluntary and municipal hospitals by establishing a service which paved the way for the National Health Service.

2 December 1942

Beveridge report

The Inter-Departmental Committee led by Sir William Beveridge, considered a founding father of the NHS, published recommendations on social insurance and allied services.

March 1944

National Health Service white paper

The wartime coalition government set out its vision for a comprehensive, free and unified health service.

August 1944

Education Act 1944 provides for school meals and milk

The Education Act 1944 made providing school meals and milk a statutory duty for local authorities.

6 November 1946

National Health Service Act 1946

Following on from the 1944 white paper, the Act provided for the establishment of a free, universal and comprehensive health service for England and Wales.

5 July 1948

Establishment of the National Health Service

The NHS took control of 480,000 hospital beds in England and Wales, that had belonged to local authorities, or were independent voluntary hospitals.

31 March 1950

'Public Health in 1948: remarkable statistics' report

The Ministry of Health published a report examining health and mortality outcomes during the first months of the NHS.

30 September 1950

First UK report linking smoking to cancer

The work of Richard Doll and Tony Bradford Hill was instrumental in determining that most lung cancers were caused by cigarette smoking.