5 July 1948
The NHS took control of 480,000 hospital beds in England and Wales, that had belonged to local authorities, or were independent voluntary hospitals.
31 March 1950
The Ministry of Health published a report examining health and mortality outcomes during the first months of the NHS.
30 September 1950
The work of Richard Doll and Tony Bradford Hill was instrumental in determining that most lung cancers were caused by cigarette smoking.
Legislation aimed at tackling the smog and air pollution created by the burning of coal and industrial activities.
The Royal College of Physicians published a report on the link between smoking and cancer of the lung and other diseases, with recommended interventions.
Birmingham introduced the first substantive water fluoridation scheme to help prevent tooth decay.
Following changes in societal attitudes in the 1960s, legislation increased access to contraceptive advice and legalised abortion under certain conditions.
New cars in the UK were required to be fitted with seat belts in the front seat.
'Administrative structure of the medical and related services in England and Wales' and 'Future structure of the National Health Service in England' proposed the creation of area authorities.
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