Following extensive debate on Britain's poor sanitary conditions, the Act established the General Board of Health and local boards to advise on public health matters.
Legislation made it compulsory for all children born after 1 August 1853 to be vaccinated against smallpox during their first 3 months of life.
Anaesthetist John Snow proved that cholera was spread by contaminated water by linking the outbreak to a single water source. Later, Robert Koch identified the bacteria that caused cholera.
Legislation required local authorities to employ sanitary inspectors and gave local authorities powers to enter properties containing 'nuisances'.
Florence Nightingale returned from the Crimean War and began to promote her ideas on sanitary nursing.
The Act abolished the General Board of Health. Its responsibilities were taken on by the Secretary of State for the Home Department and the Local Government Act Office, and the Privy Council.
Legislation was introduced in an attempt to regulate 'common prostitutes', in order to reduce the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases within the British army and navy.
Legislation was instituted to ensure the improvement of sanitary conditions and remove nuisances to public health.
Against growing criticism of conditions in workhouses, legislation established asylums for the sick and other classes of the poor in London.
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