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January 1956

The Guillebaud Report

The Committee of Enquiry into the Cost of the National Health Service, led by CW Guillebaud, published its report, highlighting underfunding of the NHS.

June 1957

The Percy Commission

The Report of the Royal Commission on the Law Relating to Mental Illness and Mental Deficiency (chaired by Baron Percy of Newcastle) recommended that care should be provided in the community.

29 July 1959

The Mental Health Act 1959

Legislation was introduced to implement the Percy Commission's 1957 recommendations to move care for people with 'a mental disorder' into the community.


Health and Care Professions Council

The Council for Professions Supplementary to Medicine was established to supervise boards representing health professions, later becoming the Health and Care Professions Council.

9 March 1961

Enoch Powell's 'water tower' speech

Minister of Health, Enoch Powell, spoke dramatically about his desire to see greater community care provision for mental health patients.

January 1962

A hospital plan for England and Wales

Enoch Powell's 'A hospital plan for England and Wales' set out plans to develop a programme of hospital building until the 1970/71 financial year.

3 November 1962

The Porritt Review

The Medical Services Review Committee, led by Sir Arthur Porritt, reviewed the NHS's first 10 years and made recommendations suggesting that the tripartite system of services was too sharply divided.

July 1968

Inquiries into quality of care for elderly patients

The Department of Health and Social Security published a set of inquiry reports following allegations by campaigner Barbara Robb concerning the care of elderly patients in seven hospitals.

July 1968

'The administrative structure of the medical and related services in England and Wales' green paper

The green paper focused on administrative reform of the NHS and proposed the creation of 'area authorities'.