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5 July 1948

Establishment of the National Health Service

The NHS took control of 480,000 hospital beds in England and Wales, that had belonged to local authorities, or were independent voluntary hospitals.


The Bradbeer report on internal administration of hospitals

The Bradbeer Committee published a report highlighting variation in methods of administration in different hospitals and recommending changes to their administration.


The NHS Graduate Management Training Scheme

In the context of a growing focus on the administrative structure of the NHS, the first national administrative training scheme was inaugurated.

January 1956

The Guillebaud Report

The Committee of Enquiry into the Cost of the National Health Service, led by CW Guillebaud, published its report, highlighting underfunding of the NHS.

June 1957

The Percy Commission

The Report of the Royal Commission on the Law Relating to Mental Illness and Mental Deficiency (chaired by Baron Percy of Newcastle) recommended that care should be provided in the community.

29 July 1959

The Mental Health Act 1959

Legislation was introduced to implement the Percy Commission's 1957 recommendations to move care for people with 'a mental disorder' into the community.


Health and Care Professions Council

The Council for Professions Supplementary to Medicine was established to supervise boards representing health professions, later becoming the Health and Care Professions Council.

9 March 1961

Enoch Powell's 'water tower' speech

Minister of Health, Enoch Powell, spoke dramatically about his desire to see greater community care provision for mental health patients.

January 1962

A hospital plan for England and Wales

Enoch Powell's 'A hospital plan for England and Wales' set out plans to develop a programme of hospital building until the 1970/71 financial year.