5 July 1973
The Act gave effect to the structural and administrative reform of the health system outlined in the 1972 white paper on National Health Service reorganisation.
The organisation became the recognised trade union for doctors from 1974, having published the weekly British Medical Journal since 1855.
20 March 1975
Legislation set out a range of benefits and entitlements under the social security system and introduced the Invalid Care Allowance for carers.
The 1975 white paper further emphasised the need to move from an institutional model of care to community services. It highlighted the need for early intervention and prevention of mental illness.
10 October 1975
Margaret Thatcher, then Leader of the Opposition, gave a speech to the Conservative party conference focusing on choice in health services.
Barbara Castle, as Secretary of State for Health and Social Services, campaigned to abolish pay beds in the NHS, but legislation introduced to this effect was later repealed under Margaret Thatcher.
A 'joint finance' programme was introduced to incentivise joint working between local authorities and the NHS.
During the 1970s, there were several public reports of mistreatment and poor quality of care provided to people with severe learning difficulties and mental health illnesses.
4 April 1979
The Act received royal assent on 4 April 1979, providing for the establishment of the Central Council for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting (UKCC).
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