It is traditionally thought that the first hospitals in England emerged following the Norman conquest.
Physicians made petitions for regulation in the 15th century, leading to the Physicians and Surgeons Act.
The College of Physicians of London (later Royal College of Physicians of London) was established by a Royal Charter from King Henry VIII.
The dissolution of the monasteries had an impact on the network of hospitals, leper houses and almshouses that had developed around religious institutions.
The Company of Barbers and Surgeons was formed when the Fellowship of Surgeons merged with the Barbers' Company.
The citizens of London petitioned King Henry VIII to allow them to re-establish some hospitals.
Legislation required parishes to levy a 'poor rate' to fund financial support for those who could not work, dependent on the residential qualification of living locally.
Early regulation and the establishment of a professional body for apothecaries, the forerunners of general practitioners.
While the church had driven the establishment of hospitals until the 18th century, thereafter modern philanthropy dominated.
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