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Apothecaries Act 1815

This Act transferred responsibility of organising medical training to the Society of Apothecaries.


The Royal Free Hospital

In 1828 William Marsden, a surgeon, founded the Royal Free as a hospital free to all.


Florence Nightingale promotes ideas on sanitary nursing

Florence Nightingale returned from the Crimean War and began to promote her ideas on sanitary nursing.


The General Medical Council

Established by the Medical Act 1858, the General Medical Council brought greater regulation of the qualifications of practitioners in medicine and surgery.


The professionalisation of nursing

The first nursing school was set up at St Thomas's in 1860 by Mrs Wardroper and was supervised by Florence Nightingale.


The cottage hospital movement

Rural doctors started to establish small facilities that would enable them to provide new services locally.

March 1867

Metropolitan Poor Act

Against growing criticism of conditions in workhouses, legislation established asylums for the sick and other classes of the poor in London.

20 August 1883

Diseases Prevention (Metropolis) Act 1883

Legislation gave the Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB) additional powers to tackle infectious diseases and removed civil rights from people admitted to an MAB hospital.


The Midwives Act 1902

Legislation provided for the registration of midwives to secure better training and regulation of midwives.