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A commission into collaboration in the voluntary hospital sector

The British Hospitals Association set up a commission reviewing the voluntary hospital sector, which faced financial difficulties.

April 1935

Pre-war planning for a national hospital service

The government made plans to deal with air raid casualties in the event of another war.

31 July 1936

Public Health Act 1936

A consolidating Act replaced all previous legislative public health provisions relating to public health matters, disease control, prevention and nuisance removals and inspections.

September 1939

Creation of the Emergency Medical Service

At the outbreak of war, central government gained direction over voluntary and municipal hospitals by establishing a service which paved the way for the National Health Service.


The Old People's Welfare Committee

During the Second World War, a group (later known as Age UK) organised to improve older people's welfare.

2 December 1942

Beveridge report

The Inter-Departmental Committee led by Sir William Beveridge, considered a founding father of the NHS, published recommendations on social insurance and allied services.

March 1944

National Health Service white paper

The wartime coalition government set out its vision for a comprehensive, free and unified health service.

July 1944

Goodenough Committee report on medical schools

The Goodenough Committee proposed medical education reforms and determined many of the organisational arrangements of the NHS.

August 1944

Education Act 1944 provides for school meals and milk

The Education Act 1944 made providing school meals and milk a statutory duty for local authorities.